d'AVALOS

 Marchesi del Vasto e di Pescara

 

I d’Avalos, originari della Spagna, vennero in Italia al seguito di Alfonso I d’Aragona. Si distinsero per valore militare, capacità diplomatica e fedeltà alla Corona, qualità che li portarono a rivestire sempre una posizione preminente nella politica italiana ed europea dell’epoca. Un esempio dello stretto legame che li univa alla Corona fu l’affidamento della carica di Gran Camerario o Camerlengo (Presidente della Camera della Sommaria), carica che fu detenuta ininterrottamente per due secoli dalla famiglia nonostante il succedersi sul trono di varie dinastie. Nel 1714, Cesare Michelangelo d’Avalos, per l’appoggio dato alla casa d’Austria nella guerra di successione al trono di Napoli contro Filippo V di Spagna, ebbe conferito da Carlo d’Austria, divenuto re con il nome di Carlo III, il titolo di Principe del Sacro Romano Impero. Oltre al titolo gli fu riconosciuto anche il diritto di battere moneta.

 

               

 

     1    Rodrigo d'Avalos, Conte di Ribadeo  

        = 1° Elvira de Guevara               

        = 2° Costanza de Tovar            

                2.1 Alfonso I d'Avalos + 1470

                2.2 Innico I d'Avalos  + Napoli 1484, giunse in Italia al seguito di Alfonso d’Aragona nel 1442. Partecipò alla

                        battaglia navale di Ponza del 1435. Nel 1452 ottenne la contea di Monteodorisio.

                      = (1452) Antonella d'Aquino, erede del Marchesato di Pescara nel 1453         

                        3.1 Alfonso II d'Avalos  + 1495, Marchese di Pescara

                            = Diana de Cardona              

                                4 Ferdinando Francesco d'Avalos, * Napoli 1489, + 1525, March. di Pescara. Come condottiero ebbe a

                                    maestro Prospero Colonna. Dette prova delle sue doti militari nella guerra contro Venezia (1513–1514)

                                    e contro la Francia. Come capo effettivo dell’esercito di Carlo V, nel 1525 conquistò Pavia. Fu

                                    coinvolto nella cd. congiura del Morone, che gli avrebbe fruttato la corona di Napoli se avesse accettato

                                    di partecipare ad una lega di stati italiani organizzata contro Carlo V, dopo lunga meditazione, decise

                                    d’informare l’imperatore.

                                    = Vittoria Colonna         

                        3.2 Rodrigo d'Avalos, + 1496, Conte di Monteodorisio

                        3.3 Innico II d'Avalos,  + 1504, I Marchese del Vasto

                               = Laura Sanseverino          

                                4.1 Costanza d'Avalos      

                                        = ? Piccolomini, Duca d’Amalfi              

                                4.2 Alfonso III d'Avalos, *Ischia 1502, + Vigevano 1546, II Marchese del Vasto, Cavaliere del Toson

                                        d’Oro (1531). Gnerale, fu inizialmente al servizio del cugino Ferdinando Francesco, del quale ereditò

                                        il marchesato di Pescara. In seguito alla sconfitta della flotta casigliana nel golfo di Salerno, avvenuta

                                        nel 1528, fu fatto prigioniero. Divenne Marchese del Vasto nel 1535 e comandò le truppe di terra

                                        nell’impresa di Tunisi. Nel 1538, mentre ricopriva l’incarico di governatore di Milano, fu impegnato

                                        nella guerra contro la Francia e riuscì a difenderla Città fino alla pace di Crépy. Appassionato uomo

                                        di cultura fu anche poeta.

                                        = Maria d'Aragona. Fu protettrice di letterati ed artisti.

                                        5.1 Innico d'Avalos, + 1600, detto il Cardinal d’Aragona

                                        5.2 Giovanni d'Avalos               

                                                = ? Orsini            

                                        5.3 Beatrice d'Avalos               

                                                = Alfonso de Guevara      

                                        5.4 Cesare d'Avalos, + 1616

                                                = Lucrezia del Tufo           

                                                6.1 Giovanni I d'Avalos, + 1638, Principe di Montesarchio

                                                        = 1607 Andreana di Sangro

                                                        7.1 Andrea d’Avalos, * Napoli 1618, + Napoli 1709,  Principe di Montesarchio. Contribuì a

                                                               reprimere la rivolta di Masaniello; capeggiò la congiura contro il vicerè Onate nel 1648,

                                                               per dare la corona di Napoli a Giovanni d’Austria, ma fu arrestato e tradotto in Spagna.

                                                               Riottenuta la libertà partecipò come Capitano generale dell’armata del Mare Oceano,

                                                               alla guerra per la rivolta di Messina. Represse la famosa “congiura di Macchia”.

                                                               = Anna Guevara

                                                               8.1 Giulia d’Avalos, *1644,  + 1737

                                                                      = 1664 Giovanni d’Avalos

                                                                8.2 Andreana d’Avalos, *1643, +1679

                                                                       = Giuseppe de Medici

                                                                8.3 Sveva d’Avalos, 1645

                                                                       = 1669 Giovanni Guevara

                                                        7.2 Francesco d'Avalos,  + 1655, Principe di Troia             

                                                                = 1640 Andreana Caracciolo           

                                                                8.1 Giovanni II d'Avalos, + 1712, Principe di Troia

                                                                    = Giulia d'Avalos          

                                                                        9.1 Ippolita d'Avalos, + 1737   

                                                                            = Cesare Michelangelo d'Avalos, *1667, + 1729 (vedi in seguito)

                                                                        9.2 Niccolò d'Avalos, + 1729, Principe di Troia   

                                                                                = Giovanna Caracciolo di Avellino               

                                                                                10.1 Giovan Battista d'Avalos, * 1694, + 1749, IX March. del Vasto e March.

                                                                                              di Pescara

                                                                                          = Silvia Spinelli       

                                                                                10.2  Diego d'Avalos, * 1697, + 1776, X March. del Vasto e March. di Pescara

                                                                                            = Eleonora Acquaviva

                                                                                            11.1 Nicola d’Avalos, + 1738

                                                                                            11.2 Giulio d’Avalos, + 1750

                                                                                            11.3 Giovanni d’Avalos, + 1747

                                                                                            11.4 Pasquale d’Avalos, + 1751

                                                                                            11.5 Caterina d’Avalos, + 1749

                                                                                            11.6 Ottavia, d’Avalos, + 1749

                                                                                            11.7 Giovanna d’Avalos, * 1738, + 1812

                                                                                            11.8 Silvia d’Avalos, + 1741

                                                                                            11.9 Giulia d’Avalos, + 1759

                                                                                            11.10 M. Rosa d’Avalos, + 1810

                                                                                            11.11 Tommaso d'Avalos, * 1752, + 1806, XI March. del Vasto e March.

                                                                                                    di Pescara

                                                                                                  = Francesca Caracciolo di Torella               

                                                                                                    12.1 Eleonora d’Avalos, * 1772, + 1790

                                                                                                    12.2 Maria Giovanna d’Avalos, * 1776, + 1860

                                                                                                    12.3 Diego d'Avalos, * 1773, + 1797          

                                                                                                         = Eleonora Doria Pamphili

                                                                                                            13.1 Ferdinando d’Avalos, *1794, + 1841         

                                                                                                            13.2 Alfonso d'Avalos, * 1796, + 1862, ult. March. del Vasto e di

                                                                                                                    Pescara

                                                                                                            13.3 Giuseppe d’Avalos, * 1797, + 1847

                                                                                            11.12 Luisa d’Avalos, * 1748, + 1781

                                                                                            11.13 Nicoletta d’Avalos, * 1751, + 1814

                                                                                            11.14 M. Teresa d’Avalos, * 1745, + 1820

                                                                                                        = Carlo Cesare d’Avalos (vedi in seguito)

                                                                                10.3 Giulia d’Avalos, + 1626

                                                                                10.4 Ippolita d’Avalos, + 1772

                                                                                10.5 Isabella d’Avalos, * 1707, + 1791

                                                                        9.3 Andrea d’Avalos, * 1700, + 1746

                                                                                10.1 Carlo Cesare d’Avalos, * 1717, + 1810

                                                                                         = M. Teresa d’Avalos, * 1745, + 1820 (vedi sopra, 11.14)

                                                                                            11.1 Andrea d’Avalos, *1766, + 1812

                                                                                            11.2 Gaetano d’Avalos, * 17 apr. 1775, + 12 apr. 1855

                                                                                                    = Ortensia Andrieu del Pues Saulomes, * 1792, + 19 sett. 1855

                                                                                                    12.1 Carlo d’Avalos, * Napoli 24 feb. 1817, + Napoli 22 ago. 1866

                                                                                                            = Regina Attolini, * 1 magg. 1853

                                                                                                            13.1 Ortensia d’Avalos, Nob. dei Duchi di Celenza, * Torre del Greco (Na) 25                                                                                                             ago. 1845, + Napoli 9  magg. 1919

                                                                                                                    = 22 giu. 1864 Giovanni Quarto di Belgioioso, Duca di Belgioioso, Conte                                                                                                                     del Vaglio, Patr. di Salerno, Nob. Di Barletta

                                                                                                            13.2 Gaetano d’Avalos, Patr, Napoletano, * Napoli 10 nov. 1846, + Napoli 16                                                                                                             nov. 1865

                                                                                                                    = 31 dic. 1863 Carolina d’Aquino dei Pr. di Caramanico, * Napoli 18 nov.                                                                                                                     1846, + Napoli 20 magg. 1874

                                                                                                                    14.1 Regina d’Avalos, nob. dei Duchi di Celenza, * Napoli 16 feb. 1865, +                                                                                                                     Napoli 18 apr. 1892

                                                                                                                            = Napoli 27 giu. 1891 Giuseppe Caracciolo, Principe di Candriano

                                                                                                            13.3 Carolina d’Avalos, Nob. dei Duchi di Celenza, * Napoli 3 giu. 1846, +                                                                                                             Roma 3 apr. 1928

                                                                                                                    = Napoli 31 dic. 1863 Giuseppe Mirelli, Pr. di Teora, March. di Calitri, *                                                                                                                     Napoli 21 sett. 1842, + Napoli 19 genn. 1871

                                                                                                    12.2 Francesco d’Avalos, * Napoli 28 apr 1819, + Napoli 20 giu. 1885

                                                                                                             = Cherubina Caturano, * Napoli, + Napoli 28 dic. 1924

                                                                                                             13.1 Giuseppe d’Avalos, * Napoli 30 dic. 1865, + Vairano 26 giu. 1907

                                                                                                                        = Maria Borgia de Varona, * Vitoria 10 giu. 1867, + Parigi  2 ott. 1898

                                                                                                                        14.1 Carlo d’Avalos, * Napoli 23 feb. 1891, + 8 feb. 1970. A lui e suoi                                                                                                                              discendenti spettano i titoli di Duca mpr, Patr, Napoletano m. tratt.                                                                                                                              di Don e Donna. D.M. di ric. 12 lug. 1928. March. di Pescara,                                                                                                                                 March. del Vasto, per RR.LL.PP. di rinn. di S.M. Umberto II 12                                                                                                                              magg. 1974.

                                                                                                                                 = Napoli 4 giu. 1919 Giuseppina Basevi, * Roma 31 lug. 1897, +                                                                                                                                 Napoli 17 gen. 1969

                                                                                                                                15.1 Maria d’Avalos, * Napoli 25 sett. 1925

                                                                                                                                        = Napoli 20 ott. 1948 Domenico Viggiani, Dir. Gen. Banco di                                                                                                                                         Napoli, * 5 genn. 1922, + Napoli 7 ott. 1998

                                                                                                                                        15.2 Francesco d’Avalos, Comp. e Dir. d’orchestra, Prof. di                                                                                                                                         fuga e composizione al Cons. di Napoli, * 11 apr. 1930

                                                                                                                                             = Londra 6 nov. 1970 Antonella Nughes Serra

                                                                                                                                             16.1 Andrea d’Avalos, Patr. Napoletano

                                                                                                                        14.2 Anna d’Avalos, Suora del S. Cuore, * Napoli 16 gen. 1888, + Villa                                                                                                                              Peschiera (Bg) 9 dic. 1973

                                                                                                                        14.3 Francesco d’Avalos, * Napoli 11 febb. 1889, + Catania 11 mar.                                                                                                                              1927

                                                                                                                        14.4 Ferdinando d’Avalos, * Napoli 24 dic. 1894, + 9 ott. 1962

                                                                                                                                = Napoli 10 febb. 1915 Luisa Ruffo dei Pr. della Scaletta, * Napoli                                                                                                                                 21 dic. 1894, + Napoli 3 apr. 1981

                                                                                                    12.3 Alessandrina d’Avalos, * 1825, + 1850

                                                                                            11.3 Antonio d’Avalos, + 1771

                                                                                            11.4 Francesco d’Avalos, * 1771, + 1830

                                                                                            11.5 Ippolita d’Avalos, + 1776

                                                                                            11.6 Costanza d’Avalos, * 1776, + 1850

                                                                                            11.7 Teresa d’Avalos, + 1822

                                                                                            11.8 Eleonora d’Avalos, * 1777, + 1828

                                                                                10.2 Giulia d’Avalos, * 1728, + 1802

                                                                                10.3 Francesco d’Avalos, + 1729

                                                                                10.4 Costanza d’Avalos, * 1731, + 1790

                                                                                10.5 Carlotta d’Avalos, + 1733

                                                                                10.6 Gennaro d’Avalos, * 1734, + 1763

                                                                        9.4 Andreana d’Avalos

                                                                        9.5 Anna d’Avalos

                                                                        9.6 Francesca Teresa

                                                                        9.7 Nicoletta

                                                                        9.8 Isabella

                                                        7.3 Giuseppe d’Avalos, + 1630

                                                        7.4 Geronima d’Avalos, * 1610

                                                        7.5 Lucrezia d’Avalos, * 1612

                                                        7.6 Lavinia d’Avalos, * 1613

                                                        7.7 Anna d’Avalos, * 1614

                                                        7.8 Vittoria d’Avalos, * 1615

                                                        7.9 Margherita d’Avalos, * 1620, + 1645

                                                        7.10 Carlo d’Avalos, * 1627     

                                                6.2 Innico III d'Avalos, *1578, + 1632, V March. del Vasto, March. di Pescara, Pr. di

                                                       Francavilla, Co. di Monteodorisio, Cav. del Toson d’Oro (1605).

                                                        = 1597 Isabella d'Avalos, + 1648 (vedi in seguito)

                                                        7.1 Ferdinando Francesco d'Avalos, + 1648, VI March. del Vasto, March. di Pescara. Nel

                                                               1646 acquistò il feudo di Lanciano.

                                                                = Geronima Doria              

                                                        7.2 Diego d'Avalos,   + 1697, VII March. del Vasto, March. di Pescara, Principe d’Isernia

                                                                = Francesca Carafa di Roccella

                                                                8.1 Isabella d’Avalos        

                                                                8.2 Francesco d'Avalos, * 1651, + 1672, March. di Pescara, Cav. del Toson

                                                                       d’Oro (1672).

                                                                        = Isabella Gobes de Nicudira

                                                                        9 Diego d'Avalos, * 1672, + 1690           

                                                                8.2 Cesare Michelangelo d'Avalos, * 1667, + 1729, VIII March. del Vasto, March. di

                                                                        Pescara, Cav. del Toson d’Oro (1700).

                                                                         Nel diploma datato 2 marzo 1704, col quale Leopoldo I conferma la

                                                                        dignità di Principe del S.R.I. a Cesare d’Avalos si legge: “A Don Cesare d’Avalos

                                                                        d’Aquino d’Aragona, Marchese di Pescara e del Vasto, Principe di Francavilla,

                                                                        Roccella e della Città d’Isernia, Duca di Monte Negro, Monte Itilia e Monte Bello,

                                                                        Marchese di Castro Vetere, Conte della Grotteria e del Contado di Monteodorisio,

                                                                        Scerni, Pollutri, Casal Bordino, Furci, Guilmi,Gissi, Lentella, Casalanguida,

                                                                        Liscia, Colle di Mezzo e delle Ville Alfonsine e Cupello. Signore delle Baronie Blanco e

                                                                        Condojanno, signore della Città di Lanciano e delle sue Ville, Santa Maria, Pietra

                                                                        Costantina, Stannazzo, Mozzagrogna e Scorciosa. Signore delle isole Procida, Bivaria e S.

                                                                        Martino, delle Terre Serra Cavriola, Cieuti, Civita Campomarano e Castel Tureno, Barone di

                                                                        Figliola, Riporsori. Signore dello Juspatronato della Roccella, Castellano, Capitano a

                                                                        Guerra e Governatore perpetuo della fortezza, Città e Isola d’Ischia. Generale d’uomini                                                                            d’Arme, Cavaliere del Tosone e Chiave d’Oro, Signore di tutta la famiglia d’Avalos, due

                                                                        volte Grande di Spagna di Prima Classe e nostro Supremo Maresciallo di Campo,

                                                                        partecipiamo la Benevolenza, la Nostra Grazia Cesarea ed ogni Bene”.

                                                                        = Ippolita d'Avalos di Troia (vedi sopra 9.1)       

                                                        7.3 Francesca d'Avalos           

                                                                = Marino Caracciolo, Principe di Avellino   

                                        5.5 Carlo d'Avalos, I Principe di Montesarchio   

                                                = Sveva Gesualdo             

5.6     Francesco Ferdinando d'Avalos, * 1530, + Palermo 1571, III March. del Vasto, March. di

        Pescara. Ancora bambino (1536) fu nominato Gran Camerlengo del Regno di Napoli. Nel 1556                         in qualità di comandante in capo dell’esercito spagnolo in Lombardia e Piemonte, concluse con

        una tregua la sfortunata campagna contro i francesi iniziata dal Duca d’Alba. Fu governatore                         dello Stato di Milano (1560 – 1563) e vicerè di Sicilia (1568 – 1571).

                                                = (1552) Isabella Gonzaga

                                                6.1 Tommaso d'Avalos,     + 1622, Vescovo di Lucera

                                                6.2 Alfonso Felice d'Avalos, *1564, + 1593, IV March. del Vasto, March. di Pescara, Cav. del

                                                        Toson d’Oro.

                                                        = Lavinia della Rovere             

                                                        7 Isabella d'Avalos,    + 1648

                                                            = Innico III d'Avalos, * 1570, + 1632 (vedi sopra)

                        3.3 Ippolita d'Avalos  

                                = Carlo d'Aragona             

                        3.4 Costanza d'Avalos              

                                = Federico del Balzo          

                        3.5 Beatrice d'Avalos

                                = Giangiacomo Trivulzio, March. di Vigevano            

 

 

 

                Bibliografia:

-          I d’Avalos, Flavia Luise, Liguori Editore, 2006;

-          Brevi cenni di storia vastese tra i secoli XV e XIX raccontati attraverso l'araldica, di Alfonso di Sanza e Sebastiano Pasquini;

-          Il Palazzo d’Avalos in Vasto e i suoi musei, Carsa Edizioni;

-          Histonium ed il Vasto, Vittorio d’Anelli, Ed. Cannarsa, Vasto;

-          Enciclopedia Biografica Universale, Biblioteca Treccani

 

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